Payments that can be paid overseas indefinitely, i.e. Age, DSP (terminally ill or severely and permanently impaired and no future work capacity and leaving Australia permanently), WP 'entitled persons' (1.1.E.120) and WidB entitled persons, are paid at the non-proportional rate for the first 26 weeks of an absence. After the first 26 weeks the rate may become proportional - depending on the recipient's circumstances. The payments for the first 26 weeks MAY also include ancillary payments, such as RA, PhA or IA (6 weeks only for TAL and pension supplement), if the absence is temporary.
Some recipients retain pre 20 September 2000 proportionalisation rules. This may mean other exemptions from proportional rate, 12 months for the non-proportional period, or possible use of the partner's AWLR, see 22.214.171.124 Overview of Portability Legislation.
DSP recipients who are granted indefinite portability because they are terminally ill or severely and permanently disabled with no future work capacity cannot receive ancillary payments. This is because their absence is permanent and they cease to be an Australian resident.
A non-proportional rate is the rate generally payable in Australia to a qualified person. It is calculated after the relevant income and assets tests have been applied. The rate MAY include ancillary payments such as RA or PhA only if a recipient's absence is temporary.
When a recipient, with unlimited portability, stays overseas for more than 26 weeks and has less than 300 months (25 years) of AWLR (1.1.A.340), the person is generally paid at a 'proportion' of the normal rate or at a proportional rate. The proportional rate is calculated using the proportional portability (1.1.P.310) provisions of the SSAct, unless the recipient is specially exempted (see below).
Some international social security agreements (1.1.A.120), allow concessions for foreign incomes. One of these concessions is that if the person's rate is proportionalised, then any foreign pension that would be covered by an agreement is also proportionalised before being added into the income test. For couples, all affected foreign pensions received by either partner are added together, with half of the total income then being allocated to each partner and the appropriate WLR rules being used for that partner. In all these cases (single and partnered) the rate can never exceed the rate that would be payable if the person had 300 months AWLR. This limit did not apply before 1 August 2000.
If a person has AWLR of 300 months or more, the normal income and asset-tested rate can be paid overseas. Ancillary payments, however, would still cease after 26 weeks (6 weeks only for TAL and pension supplement) of a temporary absence, or on departure if the absence was permanent. The pension supplement basic amount (former GST supplement) can be paid overseas indefinitely.
Three categories of long-term portable payments are exempt from the proportional rate. These are:
Act reference: SSAct section 1221(2) Proportionality - WP and WidB rate for entitled persons, section 1220B(2) Proportionality - DSP rate for a severely disabled person
For recipients who are transferred from one payment to another (e.g. transfers to Age under the SS(Admin)Act section 12) while they are overseas, SSAct sections 1220A, 1220B and 1221 apply as if the transfer occurred on the day on which the person departed Australia.
If transfer from one payment to another would be disadvantageous to the recipient, the transfer should not be made.
Example: A recipient overseas receiving entitled WidB pension, who is not paid at the proportional rate because their partner died while an Australian resident, should not be transferred to Age if that pension were to be subject to proportionalisation and they have less than 300 months AWLR.
Act reference: SSAct section 1220A Proportionality - age pension rate, section 1220B Proportionality - disability support pension rate for a severely disabled person, section 1221 Proportionality - wife pension and widow B pension rate for entitled persons
SS(Admin)Act section 12 Deemed claim in certain cases
The pensions portability rate calculator is in the SSAct section 1221-A1 and is used to calculate the proportional rate. The following formula shows how the rate is derived:
Overseas rate = (P x Q) / 300, where:
the yearly income and asset tested rate payable in Australia (the NOTIONAL DOMESTIC RATE),
the number of months of AWLR PLUS one month, but not exceeding 300, and
25 years expressed in months.
Example: A recipient with a yearly income and asset tested rate of $3,500 and 18 years working life in Australia would get an overseas rate of $2,531.70 a year [(3,500 x 217)/300].
Act reference: SSAct section 1221-A1 Overall rate calculation process
A recipient's proportional rate of pension is calculated using his or her OWN AWLR.
Recipients with unlimited portability who have NO AWLR will get a proportional portability (1.1.P.310) rate of NIL, even though they may still QUALIFY for a pension after 26 weeks of continuous absence. As these recipients have an unlimited portability period they cannot apply for a discretionary extension.
If a recipient also receives compensation payments that are directly deducted from their Australian payment, that direct deduction should occur immediately after the NOTIONAL DOMESTIC RATE has been calculated in step 3 of the Pension Portability Rate Calculator.
Even though blind recipients are exempt from the income and asset tests, their payment is still affected by proportionalisation (unless exempt).
Act reference: SSAct section 1220B(2) Proportionality - DSP rate for a severely disabled person
If a person would be better off being paid under an agreement, they can be transferred to payment under an agreement if they are in that agreement country.
Example: A WP recipient can use her husband's WLR.
The agreement needs to cover that particular payment type and category of person. This should not be done until the person's non-proportional period has ended. All implications of the decision need to be explained to the person including subsequent changes to portability. For more details see Part 10 of the Guide to Social Security Law.
Policy reference: SS Guide Part 10 Australian Social Security Agreements
Last reviewed: 2 January 2013