This topic describes the following issues to do with the application of the IMP:
The IMP applies to both claimants and recipients of the payments in the following table. The table also shows the SSAct sections relating to the IMP for each payment.
Relevant sections of the SSAct
Widow allowance, and
section 1068-G7AG to 1068-G7AR
- single: section 1068A-E3 to 1068A-E12
- partnered: section 1068B-D9 to 1068B-D18
section 1067G-H4 to 1067G-H20
section 1067L-D2 to 1067L-D16
Disability support pension
section 1064-F1 to 1064-F14
section 1066A-G1 to 1066A-G14
The IMP is the period of time in which people who have received termination or leave payments have these amounts treated as ordinary income. An IMP applies where a person:
Explanation: People and their partners (1.1.P.70) are expected to use leave and termination payments to support themselves before being paid the full rate of benefit.
Note: Termination or leave payments from any form of employment may be assessable under the IMP. This includes open employment and supported employment including employment within an Australian Disability Enterprise (ADE), the supported wage system or another program of support.
For the purposes of the IMP, a termination payment means:
Examples of termination payments for the IMP include (but are not limited to):
Note: Only redundancy payments received in respect of a person's employment being terminated on or after 20 September 2006 are included in the IMP. Redundancy payments received before this date are disregarded.
FEG or GEERS provides protection for unpaid employee entitlements when people lose their job due to liquidation or bankruptcy of their former employer.
Payments made under FEG or GEERS which represent termination entitlements that would otherwise have been received from the person's employer are treated as termination payments for the IMP.
Example: Unpaid employee entitlements that may be paid under FEG or GEERS include unpaid annual leave, long service leave, payment in lieu of notice and redundancy pay.
Policy reference: SS Guide 188.8.131.52 Income from Fair Entitlements Guarantee (FEG) or General Employee Entitlements & Redundancy Scheme (GEERS)
Generally when a person ceases employment, the employer provides the person with an employment separation certificate. This certificate will usually provide details of the person's leave entitlements, redundancy payment, any other termination payments, regular weekly wage, superannuation etc. If the employment separation certificate does not define the payment or the regular weekly wage the employer should be contacted to verify amounts.
To verify whether a payment is a payment in lieu of notice, a copy of the relevant industrial instrument covering the person's employment (e.g. a modern award, enterprise agreement or common law contract) should be obtained. A payment in lieu of notice will usually be calculated under the relevant industrial instrument by reference to a formula that is customarily dependent on the number of years of service of the person. For example, a person may be entitled to 2 weeks payment in lieu of notice for every year of service.
Under the IMP, where employment has ceased, any termination payments received by a person or their partner are treated as ordinary income and apportioned evenly across the period covered by the IMP. Where employment is continuing, any leave payments received by a person or their partner are treated as ordinary income and apportioned evenly across the leave period for which the payment was made. This income is then assessed under the relevant income test to determine the person's rate of payment.
For new claimants of an IMP affected payment, this generally results in the person's rate of payment being nil or the person receiving a reduced rate of payment for the period covered by the IMP.
In some circumstances, for example, where the person is already receiving an IMP affected payment, the application of the IMP may result in the continuation of their usual rate of payment. This may occur where the person has been in receipt of a part rate of income support while working and receives a termination or leave payment that is equivalent to the rate of income they were receiving from their employment.
The following table sets out how to calculate the length of the IMP depending on the person's employment situation.
If a person's employment …
the length of the IMP is calculated by adding together:
(1) the number of weeks (or days) that the leave payments represent, and
(2) the number of weeks that the portion of the termination payment based on the employee's wage (e.g. 2 weeks redundancy payment for every year of service) represents, and
(3) the number of weeks that the portion of the termination payment NOT based on the employee's gross wage (e.g. a gratuity payment) represents. This is obtained by dividing that portion of the termination payment by the relevant weekly wage (1.1.R.143) and then rounding down this figure to a whole week figure. A 5 day working week is used.
the actual leave period is used instead, as lump sum or periodic leave payments will relate to a definite period.
Note: An IMP is calculated using gross amounts of payments not net amounts; that is the total gross leave or termination payment and, where relevant, the person's gross relevant weekly wage (1.1.R.143).
Example 1: Lisa has claimed PPP and supplied an employment separation certificate for which there were no days of recreation leave supplied but leave payments of $3,690 have been made. On contacting the employer, he advised that the leave payments represent 23 days of recreation leave. Lisa's IMP period is therefore 23 days. This means that the leave payments of $3,690 will be apportioned evenly over the 23 day IMP period and assessed as ordinary income under the PPP income test.
Example 2: Michael has been made redundant from a company and on the day of leaving he receives a redundancy payment consisting of:
Michael's IMP will be calculated as follows:
The total IMP period will be 44.5 weeks. Michael's total redundancy payment will be apportioned as ordinary income over this 44.5 week period and assessed under the applicable income test.
Example 3: Gerry is made redundant and receives a lump sum redundancy payment of $32,000. The amount of $32,000 consists of:
Advice from Gerry's former employer is that payment of 3 weeks wages for every year of service is the equivalent of 26.67 weeks. This is rounded down to 26.60 weeks (26 weeks and 3 days when using a 10 day working fortnight) and added to the period of time that the leave payments represent in order to find the full length of the IMP. Gerry's total IMP period is therefore 30.6 weeks (or 30 weeks and 3 days). Gerry's total redundancy payment will be apportioned over the 30.6 weeks and assessed as ordinary income under the relevant income test.
Example 4: Lawrence works for a food manufacturer and earns a basic wage of $1,000 a week for work during normal hours; however, Lawrence also works regular overtime and, as a result, he earns gross income of $1,500 per week for an extended period of 12 months. When Lawrence is made redundant from his job, he receives a lump sum payment of $15,000 which consists of:
Lawrence's IMP will be calculated as follows:
The total IMP period will be 10 weeks. During this 10 week IMP period, Lawrence's $15,000 lump sum payment will be treated as ordinary income and assessed under the relevant income test.
Transitional employment termination payments that are rolled-over into superannuation funds are not assessed as termination payments and are not included in the calculation of the IMP (see 184.108.40.206 for further explanation).
Example: Gina is made redundant from a firm on 13 December 2008 and receives $90,000 in termination payments consisting of:
While employed Gina had a written contract, dated 4 January 2006, with her employer outlining a formula to calculate a portion of her termination payment. Her average weekly wage was $1,000. As Gina's written contract with her employer concerning her termination payment was dated before 10 May 2006, she is able to roll-over part or all of the $14,500 payment. Gina elects to roll-over the $14,500 payment into her superannuation fund. Gina applies for NSA on 14 December 2008 and her IMP will be calculated as follows:
Gina's IMP will be 75 weeks. During the 75 week IMP, Gina's termination payment (less the amount rolled-over into her superannuation) is treated as ordinary income and assessed under the income test for NSA.
Policy reference: SS Guide 220.127.116.11 Description: Employment Termination Payments & Roll-overs for the IMP
As a general rule the IMP takes effect from the date the employer pays the termination payment(s). This is irrespective of whether the person has claimed income support.
Example: A person finishes employment and receives 14 weeks of leave and redundancy payments. They do not claim income support for a period of 11 weeks. Following the date of claim the person must serve the residual IMP period of 3 weeks only.
If an employer has not paid the termination payment(s) due to the former employee (1.1.E.87) at the time the claim is assessed, the claim is assessed as if there were NO termination payments paid. The date of commencement and rate of payment are calculated without any consideration of an IMP. The IMP will commence when the termination payment is paid to the person.
However, if a person is subject to, and is serving, a LAWP and the person is also subject to an IMP, the IMP and the LAWP are served concurrently. This means that the commencement date for the IMP will be the day on which the LAWP starts, including where the termination payment is received after the LAWP has started.
Example 1: A person is serving a 13-week LAWP and on week 8 the person receives payment of 4 weeks leave. The IMP commences on the day the LAWP started and therefore the person has already served the 4 weeks IMP.
Example 2: A person is serving a 6-week LAWP and during the 5th week the person receives a redundancy payment that results in an IMP of 20 weeks. The person is already serving a 6-week LAWP and therefore the person's IMP will continue for a further 14 weeks after the LAWP ceases - the end result is the person will have concurrently served a 6-week LAWP and 20-week IMP.
If a person is paid another termination payment after an IMP has already been imposed then a second IMP must be calculated. The second IMP will commence from the day after the first IMP expires.
Act reference: SSAct section 1068-G7AKA Start of income maintenance period-employment terminated, section 1068-G7AKC Start of income maintenance period where liquid assets test waiting period applies
If a person takes paid leave, it is assessed as employment income and the IMP starts from the beginning of the leave period to which the payment relates. The income of the IMP that falls in an instalment period is therefore apportioned across that period. Similarly, if a person takes 2 or more types of leave during a period, each leave payment is taken into account for the period to which it relates. Where a person is advising employment income each fortnight, the total of any wages and leave(s) that apply to that fortnight can be advised as one amount.
Note: Leave and leave loading are for the same period so these are added together.
In some cases there may be a period of unpaid leave separating 2 or more paid leave periods. Each period of paid leave is assessed separately. Unlike the IMP arrangements for terminated employment, these leave payments are NOT joined together to produce a continuous IMP.
Act reference: SSAct section 1068-G7AG Certain leave payments taken to be ordinary income-employment continuing (WA, NSA (18 or over), SA (18 or over), PA, and MAA under Part 2.12B), section 1064-F4 Certain leave payments taken to be ordinary income-employment continuing (Age, DSP, WP and CP (people who are not blind)), section 1066A-G4 Certain leave payments taken to be ordinary income-employment continuing (DSP (people under 21 who are not blind))
Where a person has their leave entitlements cashed out, continues with their current employment and does not take the associated leave period, the lump sum amount is not subject to an IMP. The lump sum amount should be assessed as employment income and where payment is NOT in respect of a period apportioned up to 52 weeks for pensions under section 1073A. For allowances the lump sum amount should be apportioned over 52 weeks.
Act reference: SSAct section 8(1) Income test definitions, section 8(1A) A reference in this Act to employment income, in relation to a person, section 1067G-H23A Claimant or recipient receives lump sum amount for remunerative work, section 1068-G7B Claimant or recipient receives lump sum amount for remunerative work, section 1068B-D19 Period over which ordinary income taken into account, section 1073A Employment income attribution over a period for social security pensioners
When working out the rate of the IMP affected income support payment, a lump sum leave payment and/or termination payment received by either member of the couple should be assessed under the IMP provisions. The IMP IS NOT applied when working out the rate of Age, CP, WidB, WP or service pension regardless of which partner received the leave/termination payment.
Example: Following David's cessation of employment, David and his partner Sally apply for Age and PPP respectively. On his last day of employment, David received $3,000 representing 3 weeks of annual leave. David and Sally's payments are granted from the day following David's last day of work.
The assessment of the couple's income for the fortnight following cessation of employment is as follows:
Where an age pensioner retires from work and has leave (such as long service leave) paid out in a lump sum, the payment does not meet the definition of employment income as there is no continuing relationship with the employer. Consequently, section 1073A which covers lump sum employment income does not come into play and neither does section 1073 which covers non-remunerative lump sums (as the leave payment is remunerative by nature because it relates to employment). Therefore there would be no continuing income assessment for such lump sum leave payments.
Note: For DSP the IMP provisions still apply to such lump sum leave payments to require income to be spread over a relative period.
Act reference: SSAct section 8(1) Income test definitions, section 8(1A) A reference in this Act to employment income, in relation to a person, section 8(1B) For the avoidance of doubt; if…, section 8(1C) For the purposes of paragraph (1A)(e), a leave payment…, Part 3.10 Division1AA Employment income attribution rules, section 1073A Employment income attribution over a period for social security pensioners, section 1073B Daily attribution of employment income, section 1073C Fortnightly or yearly expression of attributed employment income
Termination payments, including leave payments relating to employment that has ceased, are not employment income, so working credits generally cannot be depleted during an IMP applied in respect of these termination payments.
Example: If a recipient returns to payment after a break of less than 12 months and has an opening working credit balance of more than zero, the working credits will not offset the income apportioned under the IMP to reduce the amount of income assessed under the income test.
In cases where the income assessed under the IMP does not fully preclude payment (i.e. recipient receives a part rate) and the recipient also has employment income then working credits will be used to offset the employment income.
Note: Leave payments paid where employment is continuing are employment income and therefore any available working credits or work bonus credits may be depleted for these leave payments.
Although termination payments are not employment income they are still ordinary income and could affect the accrual of working credits. To accrue working credits during an IMP, the person's income from their termination payment(s), plus other income the person has, would have to be less than $48 in an entitlement period.
Policy reference: SS Guide 18.104.22.168 Working Credit Accrual
Last reviewed: 13 May 2013