This topic explains the qualification criteria for DOP, as well as the following related issues:
To qualify for DOP, an individual must meet the following criteria:
DOP is not payable to carers who have formally adopted the orphaned children. This is because carers who adopt a child are considered the parents of the child and therefore the child cannot be a double orphan.
For an ACO (1.1.A.200) to qualify for DOP, the organisation must be caring for a young person who is a double orphan and, be eligible for FTB for the young person, or would be eligible for FTB for the young person except that the young person, or someone on behalf of the young person, is receiving payments under a prescribed education scheme.
Act reference: SSAct section 5(1)- 'prescribed educational scheme', section 999 Qualification for DOP
Policy reference: FA Guide 2.1.1 FTB Child & Regular Care Child
As FTB and DOP eligibility are linked, the individual must fulfil the Australian residency requirements for FTB eligibility in order to be eligible for DOP. In addition, the double orphan must fulfil the Australian residency requirements for an FTB child in order to qualify as a double orphan.
DOP may be claimed by an individual who is overseas provided they fulfil Australian residency and FTB eligibility requirements, and the double orphan fulfils FTB child and DOP eligibility requirements.
There is a capacity for those who share care of a DOP child to split payment in accordance to their percentage of care. Shared care income definitions for the purposes of DOP are aligned with those for family assistance.
An individual or ACO does not qualify for DOP if the DOP child (or someone else on their behalf) receives another social security benefit (section 23(1)-'social security benefit'), pension (section 23(1)-'social security pension') or LMP payment.
Explanation: The young person is not an FTB child and therefore is not a qualifying child for DOP.
Act reference: SSAct section 23(1)-'social security benefit', section 23(1)-'social security pension'
An individual or ACO cannot qualify for DOP on the basis that an application for refugee status has been lodged with DIAC. Verification of the child's refugee status is required.
Explanation: To be a DOP child on the basis of being a refugee, the child must be granted refugee status by the Australian Government.
An individual or ACO must lodge a proper claim before DOP can be granted. The claim can be lodged in Australia or overseas.
As qualification for DOP is linked to eligibility for FTB and having an FTB child, the portability rules for FTB also apply to DOP.
Rules applying to claims for DOP lodged outside Australia are described in the table below.
If the claim is lodged…
- in a country with which we have an international agreement (1.1.A.120), and
- the agreement covers child payment,
- the claim may be lodged at the social security office or equivalent in that country, and
- the date of lodgement is the date the claim was lodged overseas.
- in a non-agreement country, or
- in a country with which we have an international agreement, but the agreement does not cover child payment,
- the claim form must be sent to Australia, and
- the date of lodgement is the date the claim is received by Centrelink.
Policy reference: SS Guide 18.104.22.168 Claim Lodgement - General Provisions
Last reviewed: 1 July 2013