Where circumstances arise that impede, rather than prevent, a job seeker from meeting their usual requirements, consideration should be given first to adjusting or reducing these requirements in preference to exempting the job seeker from the activity test (1.1.A.40) completely.
However, there will sometimes be circumstances that are UNFORESEEN or UNAVOIDABLE and cause major disruption for the job seeker, where it would be unreasonable to expect the job seeker to meet any of their requirements for a specific period of time.
The following are categories of special circumstance exemptions that may arise:
Each of these categories is explained in more detail in the rest of this topic.
The legislation allows for exemptions for any of the above reasons to be granted for a period of up to 13 weeks (with the exception of dad and partner leave which is limited to up to 2 weeks) and where necessary this period can be extended. However, actual periods should be determined according to the individual circumstances. A guide to the suggested length of the various exemptions is contained in each category below. In some cases, an exemption may not be appropriate, such as YA recipients who have been identified as at risk. In these cases a new EPP should be negotiated to provide support for the person to overcome their personal barriers.
The legislation allows for exemptions of up to 13 weeks, however an exemption period of 2 weeks is generally appropriate for major disruptions related to the job seeker's home.
Examples: The following would be considered major personal disruptions:
Exemptions in these situations are limited to the time required to:
Although the legislation allows for exemptions of up to 13 weeks, the appropriate exemption period granted for a major personal crisis should be limited to the time needed to address the immediate situation.
Examples: The following are examples of a major personal crisis:
Note: Principal carer parents will be able to access a special family circumstance exemption where an immediate family member has died (see 18.104.22.168 Activity Test for NSA/YA Job Seekers - Exemptions - Principal Carer Parents with Special Family Circumstances - Case-by-Case Exemptions). They may also be able to access special family circumstance exemptions where they are subject to domestic violence or where they experience unusually high stress due to the breakdown of their marriage or equivalent relationship. Principal carer parents receiving NSA or YA who may have experienced a major personal crisis should therefore in the first instance be assessed according to guidelines outlined in 22.214.171.124.
Exemptions in such cases are limited to the time required to:
Note: Exemptions should generally only be granted following the death of an immediate family member. An immediate family member is a person's partner, father, mother, sister, brother or child. However, an exemption can be granted if the delegate is satisfied that the deceased person should be treated as though they were an immediate family member.
In Indigenous communities, exemptions can also be granted to job seekers following the deaths of people who were not or could not be considered as immediate family members, in order to allow the job seeker to participate in sorry business.
The period of exemption should be limited to what is required in individual circumstances. Local information should be sourced where possible to assist in determining the length of time that may be required for an individual.
If an individual's need to attend sorry business can be verified but the likely length of that involvement cannot be reliably ascertained at that time, a short initial period of exemption should be applied, e.g. 2 weeks, and then extended if further information is obtained that deems this appropriate.
Community engagement in remote areas has provided evidence that sorry business requirements for non-family members can vary between communities and that, in some instances, would not interfere with an individual's participation requirements beyond the day of the funeral.
An initial exemption period of 4 weeks will usually be granted, but exemptions can be applied for up to 13 weeks at a time.
This exemption is for job seekers affected by a declared major natural disaster where an emergency response plan has been put in place by relevant state officials. An official declaration that the area has natural disaster status must be made before the exemption can be granted. Examples of what could be declared a natural disaster are:
In determining whether to grant an exemption for homelessness, the primary consideration should be whether a person's living circumstances are stable enough to allow them to meet their activity test requirements. A person may not be able to do this if they are living on the street, in a hostel or refuge or moving from house to house every few days. On the other hand, a person who is living or residing temporarily with relatives or friends may be able to meet their requirements.
Before granting an exemption on the grounds of unstable accommodation, consideration should be given to the person's individual circumstances and whether it would be more appropriate to reduce a person's requirements to a level that they are able to meet. Consideration should also be given to whether the person would benefit from other intervention.
If an exemption is granted, it should be limited to the time required to arrange stable accommodation.
Example: A young person aged 18 years, indicates that they do not have a permanent place of residence and are having trouble looking for work or undertaking study as a result. An EPP is negotiated, with the young person agreeing to participate in a relevant program of support which will assist them to resume study or work and to establish a stable residence. During the period of any exemption, the young person is not required to participate in any of the activities outlined in an EPP, if an EPP has been negotiated.
A person who cannot meet the requirements of their activity test because they are required to provide care for another person should test their eligibility for CP.
A special circumstances exemption may be applied when a person is unexpectedly required to provide full-time care for an adult. An exemption should only be applied if no alternative caring arrangements are available and CP is not payable to the carer. The exemption should only be applied for the period of time required to make alternative arrangements for the care of the adult and should not exceed 13 weeks.
Short term exemptions can also be granted where a job seeker who is not a principal carer parent is unexpectedly or unavoidably required to care for their child(ren). Examples might be where the child is sick and is not allowed to attend child care and there is no one else available, such as a partner or family member, to provide care or where the non-custodial parent unexpectedly has to care for their child due to personal circumstances of the custodial parent. The period of exemption should be limited to the time required to arrange suitable day care where it is available. The period of exemption is not to exceed 13 weeks.
Where possible it is preferable to reduce the job seeker's requirements for the period during which they have the caring responsibilities rather than grant a full exemption.
In some circumstances, a child or children may come into the care of a relative, such as a grandparent or aunt/uncle, in what could be deemed as an informal arrangement. However, this arrangement may have the support of the state or territory authorities, in that it is an alternative to the child being placed under a Child Protection order, and being placed into the formal foster care system. Authorities are beginning to increasingly use this method of care as an early intervention method.
In these cases, if the informal carer is also a NSA/YA recipient, the carer may be eligible to receive a special circumstances exemption, where they are able to produce documentation from the relevant state or territory authority. The documentation should state that the placement of the child(ren) with the carer has been negotiated with the authority and that the child(ren)'s parents have agreed to the placement. The documentation should clearly state that the authority has acted as the conduit in the arrangement, or has had a role in the placement of that child(ren) outside of their immediate family. The documentation should also advise that caring for the child(ren) will affect the person's ability to work, or search for work. The initial and any subsequent periods of exemption are each not to exceed 13 weeks.
Note: If the NSA or YA (job seeker) recipient is a principal carer of one or more dependent children in this circumstance, they will be able to access a special family circumstance exemption from their participation requirements as outlined in 126.96.36.199. Principal carers will be able to access a special family circumstance exemption for a period of up to 16 weeks.
In some circumstances, a parenting order may be made under the Family Law Act 1975 stating that a child or children should live with a relative who is not their natural, adoptive or step parent. In these situations if the person is able to claim principal carer status they may be able to receive an exemption for a period of up to 12 months. This should be assessed under the guidelines outlined in 188.8.131.52.
An exemption from the activity test can be provided to eligible recipients of DAPP. Dad and partner leave allows parents to spend more time at home with their newborn baby or adopted child. The exemption can apply for up to 2 weeks and must be taken within 12 months of the child's birth or of the child being placed in their care (for adopted children up to 16 years of age).
Exemptions for jury duty can be granted for up to 13 weeks, which may be extended, but not by more than 13 weeks at a time.
Job seekers should be exempt during their first 13 weeks under a witness protection programme. Further exemptions (of not more than 13 weeks at a time) can be granted if the job seeker's circumstances continue to make it difficult for them to satisfy the activity test.
A refugee is granted automatic exemption for up to 13 weeks in the first 13 weeks after their arrival in Australia. This exemption cannot be extended, except where the person is undertaking the Special Preparatory Program (SPP) part of the Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP).
Exemptions for volunteers during a state or national emergencies (e.g. bushfires or floods), can be granted for up to 13 weeks. The job seeker should be asked to provide proof of their active involvement, such as a written statement from their rural fire service/State Emergency Service commander, when they next lodge their claim for payment (SU19).
Indigenous cultural business relates to the cultural practices of Indigenous Australians not related to deaths and funerals. An exemption can be granted for Indigenous Australians to attend to cultural business. The period of the exemption should be limited to what is required in individual circumstances. Local information should be sourced where possible to assist in determining the length of time that may be required for an individual participant.
If an individual's participation in cultural business can be verified but the likely length of that cultural business cannot be reliably ascertained at that time, a short initial period of exemption should be applied, e.g. 2 weeks, and then extended if further information is obtained that deems this appropriate.
Community engagement in remote areas has provided evidence that cultural business requirements vary between communities and that, in some instances, cultural business can be undertaken concurrently with an individual's participation requirements.
Act reference: SSAct section 603A Relief from activity test-special circumstances, section 542H Special circumstances exemptions YA, section 544DA Youth Allowance Employment Pathway Plans-early school leavers
Last reviewed: 2 January 2013